Bemutató

Parthenon

The Parthenon (Greek: Παρθενών) is a temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the maiden goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron deity. Its construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the height of its power. It was completed in 438 BC, although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered the culmination of the development of the Doric order. Its decorative sculptures are considered some of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy, western civilization[3] and one of the world's greatest cultural monuments. The Greek Ministry of Culture is currently carrying out a program of selective restoration and reconstruction to ensure the stability of the partially ruined structure.[4]

The Parthenon itself replaced an older temple of Athena, which historians call the Pre-Parthenon or Older Parthenon, that was destroyed in the Persian invasion of 480 BC. The temple is archaeoastronomically aligned to the Hyades.[5] Like most Greek temples, the Parthenon was used as a treasury. For a time, it also served as the treasury of the Delian League, which later became the Athenian Empire. In the 5th century AD, the Parthenon was converted into a Christian church dedicated to the Virgin Mary.

After the Ottoman conquest, it was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures. In 1806, Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin removed some of the surviving sculptures, with the permission of the Ottoman Empire. These sculptures, now known as the Elgin Marbles or the Parthenon Marbles, were sold in 1816 to the British Museum in London, where they are now displayed. Since 1983 (on the initiative of Culture Minister Melina Mercouri), the Greek government has been committed to the return of the sculptures to Greece.

Megtekintések száma: n/a
Forrás: Youtube
Idő Cím
06:00:00 06:05:48 Building of the Parthenon
06:05:48 06:09:13 Parthenon
06:09:13 06:19:52 Modeling the Parthenon
06:19:52 06:21:34 Glory of the Parthenon
06:21:34 06:26:37 Parthenon
06:26:37 06:59:03 Greek Classic the Parthenon
06:59:03 07:04:55 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
07:04:55 07:08:21 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
07:08:21 07:14:49 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
07:14:49 07:22:21 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
07:22:21 07:24:42 Parthenon
07:24:42 07:33:31 Parthenon
07:33:31 07:39:19 Building of the Parthenon
07:39:19 07:42:44 Parthenon
07:42:44 07:53:23 Modeling the Parthenon
07:53:23 07:55:05 Glory of the Parthenon
07:55:05 08:00:08 Parthenon
08:00:08 08:32:34 Greek Classic the Parthenon
08:32:34 08:38:26 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
08:38:26 08:41:52 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
08:41:52 08:48:20 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
08:48:20 08:55:52 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
08:55:52 08:58:13 Parthenon
08:58:13 09:07:02 Parthenon
09:07:02 09:12:50 Building of the Parthenon
09:12:50 09:16:15 Parthenon
09:16:15 09:26:54 Modeling the Parthenon
09:26:54 09:28:36 Glory of the Parthenon
09:28:36 09:33:39 Parthenon
09:33:39 10:06:05 Greek Classic the Parthenon
10:06:05 10:11:57 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
10:11:57 10:15:23 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
10:15:23 10:21:51 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
10:21:51 10:29:23 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
10:29:23 10:31:44 Parthenon
10:31:44 10:40:33 Parthenon
10:40:33 10:46:21 Building of the Parthenon
10:46:21 10:49:46 Parthenon
10:49:46 11:00:25 Modeling the Parthenon
11:00:25 11:02:07 Glory of the Parthenon
11:02:07 11:07:10 Parthenon
11:07:10 11:39:36 Greek Classic the Parthenon
11:39:36 11:45:28 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
11:45:28 11:48:54 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
11:48:54 11:55:22 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
11:55:22 12:02:54 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
12:02:54 12:05:15 Parthenon
12:05:15 12:14:04 Parthenon
12:14:04 12:19:52 Building of the Parthenon
12:19:52 12:23:17 Parthenon
12:23:17 12:33:56 Modeling the Parthenon
12:33:56 12:35:38 Glory of the Parthenon
12:35:38 12:40:41 Parthenon
12:40:41 13:13:07 Greek Classic the Parthenon
13:13:07 13:18:59 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
13:18:59 13:22:25 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
13:22:25 13:28:53 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
13:28:53 13:36:25 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
13:36:25 13:38:46 Parthenon
13:38:46 13:47:35 Parthenon
13:47:35 13:53:23 Building of the Parthenon
13:53:23 13:56:48 Parthenon
13:56:48 14:07:27 Modeling the Parthenon
14:07:27 14:09:09 Glory of the Parthenon
14:09:09 14:14:12 Parthenon
14:14:12 14:46:38 Greek Classic the Parthenon
14:46:38 14:52:30 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
14:52:30 14:55:56 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
14:55:56 15:02:24 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
15:02:24 15:09:56 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
15:09:56 15:12:17 Parthenon
15:12:17 15:21:06 Parthenon
15:21:06 15:26:54 Building of the Parthenon
15:26:54 15:30:19 Parthenon
15:30:19 15:40:58 Modeling the Parthenon
15:40:58 15:42:40 Glory of the Parthenon
15:42:40 15:47:43 Parthenon
15:47:43 16:20:09 Greek Classic the Parthenon
16:20:09 16:26:01 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
16:26:01 16:29:27 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
16:29:27 16:35:55 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
16:35:55 16:43:27 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
16:43:27 16:45:48 Parthenon
16:45:48 16:54:37 Parthenon
16:54:37 17:00:25 Building of the Parthenon
17:00:25 17:03:50 Parthenon
17:03:50 17:14:29 Modeling the Parthenon
17:14:29 17:16:11 Glory of the Parthenon
17:16:11 17:21:14 Parthenon
17:21:14 17:53:40 Greek Classic the Parthenon
17:53:40 17:59:32 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
17:59:32 18:02:58 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
18:02:58 18:09:26 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
18:09:26 18:16:58 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
18:16:58 18:19:19 Parthenon
18:19:19 18:28:08 Parthenon
18:28:08 18:33:56 Building of the Parthenon
18:33:56 18:37:21 Parthenon
18:37:21 18:48:00 Modeling the Parthenon
18:48:00 18:49:42 Glory of the Parthenon
18:49:42 18:54:45 Parthenon
18:54:45 19:27:11 Greek Classic the Parthenon
19:27:11 19:33:03 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
19:33:03 19:36:29 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
19:36:29 19:42:57 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
19:42:57 19:50:29 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
19:50:29 19:52:50 Parthenon
19:52:50 20:01:39 Parthenon
20:01:39 20:07:27 Building of the Parthenon
20:07:27 20:10:52 Parthenon
20:10:52 20:21:31 Modeling the Parthenon
20:21:31 20:23:13 Glory of the Parthenon
20:23:13 20:28:16 Parthenon
20:28:16 21:00:42 Greek Classic the Parthenon
21:00:42 21:06:34 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
21:06:34 21:10:00 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
21:10:00 21:16:28 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
21:16:28 21:24:00 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
21:24:00 21:26:21 Parthenon
21:26:21 21:35:10 Parthenon
21:35:10 21:40:58 Building of the Parthenon
21:40:58 21:44:23 Parthenon
21:44:23 21:55:02 Modeling the Parthenon
21:55:02 21:56:44 Glory of the Parthenon
21:56:44 22:01:47 Parthenon
22:01:47 22:34:13 Greek Classic the Parthenon
22:34:13 22:40:05 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
22:40:05 22:43:31 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
22:43:31 22:49:59 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
22:49:59 22:57:31 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
22:57:31 22:59:52 Parthenon
22:59:52 23:08:41 Parthenon
23:08:41 23:14:29 Building of the Parthenon
23:14:29 23:17:54 Parthenon
23:17:54 23:28:33 Modeling the Parthenon
23:28:33 23:30:15 Glory of the Parthenon
23:30:15 23:35:18 Parthenon
23:35:18 00:07:44 Greek Classic the Parthenon
00:07:44 00:13:36 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
00:13:36 00:17:02 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
00:17:02 00:23:30 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
00:23:30 00:31:02 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
00:31:02 00:33:23 Parthenon
00:33:23 00:42:12 Parthenon
00:42:12 00:48:00 Building of the Parthenon
00:48:00 00:51:25 Parthenon
00:51:25 01:02:04 Modeling the Parthenon
01:02:04 01:03:46 Glory of the Parthenon
01:03:46 01:08:49 Parthenon
01:08:49 01:41:15 Greek Classic the Parthenon
01:41:15 01:47:07 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
01:47:07 01:50:33 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
01:50:33 01:57:01 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
01:57:01 02:04:33 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
02:04:33 02:06:54 Parthenon
02:06:54 02:15:43 Parthenon
02:15:43 02:21:31 Building of the Parthenon
02:21:31 02:24:56 Parthenon
02:24:56 02:35:35 Modeling the Parthenon
02:35:35 02:37:17 Glory of the Parthenon
02:37:17 02:42:20 Parthenon
02:42:20 03:14:46 Greek Classic the Parthenon
03:14:46 03:20:38 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
03:20:38 03:24:04 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
03:24:04 03:30:32 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
03:30:32 03:38:04 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
03:38:04 03:40:25 Parthenon
03:40:25 03:49:14 Parthenon
03:49:14 03:55:02 Building of the Parthenon
03:55:02 03:58:27 Parthenon
03:58:27 04:09:06 Modeling the Parthenon
04:09:06 04:10:48 Glory of the Parthenon
04:10:48 04:15:51 Parthenon
04:15:51 04:48:17 Greek Classic the Parthenon
04:48:17 04:54:09 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part I)
04:54:09 04:57:35 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part II)
04:57:35 05:04:03 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part III)
05:04:03 05:11:35 The Parthenon Sculptures (Part V)
05:11:35 05:13:56 Parthenon
05:13:56 05:22:45 Parthenon
05:22:45 05:28:33 Building of the Parthenon
05:28:33 05:31:58 Parthenon
05:31:58 05:42:37 Modeling the Parthenon
05:42:37 05:44:19 Glory of the Parthenon
05:44:19 05:49:22 Parthenon
05:49:22 06:21:48 Greek Classic the Parthenon