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Hortobágy National Park

Hortobágy (Hungarian pronunciation: [ɦortobaːɟ]) is an 800 km² national park in Eastern Hungary, rich with folklore and cultural history. The park, a part of the Alföld (Great Plain), was designated as a national park in 1973 (the first in Hungary), and elected among the World Heritage sites in 1999. The Hortobágy is Hungary's largest protected area, and the largest semi-natural grassland in Europe.

Until recently it was believed that this alkaline steppe was formed by the clear cutting of huge forests in the Middle Ages, followed by measures to control the course of the Tisza River, allegedly resulting in the soil's current structure and pH. However, Hortobágy is much older, with alkalinization estimated to have started ten thousand years ago, when the Tisza first found its way through the Great Hungarian Plain, cutting off many streams from their sources in the Northern Mountains. The formation was finished by grazing animals, mastodons, and wild horses during the Ice Age, followed by domesticated animals.

One of its most iconic sites is the Nine-holed Bridge. Traditional T-shaped sweep wells dot the landscape, as well as the occasional mirage of trees shimmering in the reflected heat of the Puszta. Hortobágy has also had negative connotations. Hortobágy was a place where Hungarian Stalinists sent their political opponents to work in forced labour, especially after the Resolution of Informbiro (Cominform or Communist Information Bureau). In much the same way as prison Goli otok functioned in Tito's Yugoslavia (see Tito–Stalin split) and Bărăgan in Romania.

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05:00:00 05:04:56 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
05:04:56 05:06:39 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
05:06:39 05:12:05 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
05:12:05 05:16:31 The Hortobagy
05:16:31 05:19:01 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
05:19:01 05:22:38 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
05:22:38 05:22:47 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
05:22:47 05:26:14 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
05:26:14 05:26:39 Hortobágy National Park
05:26:39 05:27:02 Hortobagy
05:27:02 05:27:33 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
05:27:33 05:28:41 Horses of Hortobagy
05:28:41 05:30:00 Hortobagy
05:30:00 05:31:37 The Hungarian Puszta
05:31:37 05:33:02 Hortobagy
05:33:02 05:33:48 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
05:33:48 05:38:28 Hortobagy National Park
05:38:28 05:44:45 Hortobagy National Park
05:44:45 05:57:47 Hortobagy National Park
05:57:47 06:09:16 Hortobagy National Park
06:09:16 06:23:50 Hortobagy National Park
06:23:50 06:32:40 Hortobagy National Park
06:32:40 06:46:41 Hortobagy
06:46:41 07:01:18 Hortobagy National Park
07:01:18 07:13:14 Hortobagy National Park
07:13:14 07:21:25 Hortobagy National Park
07:21:25 07:26:21 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
07:26:21 07:28:04 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
07:28:04 07:33:30 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
07:33:30 07:37:56 The Hortobagy
07:37:56 07:40:26 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
07:40:26 07:44:03 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
07:44:03 07:44:12 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
07:44:12 07:47:39 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
07:47:39 07:48:04 Hortobágy National Park
07:48:04 07:48:27 Hortobagy
07:48:27 07:48:58 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
07:48:58 07:50:06 Horses of Hortobagy
07:50:06 07:51:25 Hortobagy
07:51:25 07:53:02 The Hungarian Puszta
07:53:02 07:54:27 Hortobagy
07:54:27 07:55:13 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
07:55:13 07:59:53 Hortobagy National Park
07:59:53 08:06:10 Hortobagy National Park
08:06:10 08:19:12 Hortobagy National Park
08:19:12 08:30:41 Hortobagy National Park
08:30:41 08:45:15 Hortobagy National Park
08:45:15 08:54:05 Hortobagy National Park
08:54:05 09:08:06 Hortobagy
09:08:06 09:22:43 Hortobagy National Park
09:22:43 09:34:39 Hortobagy National Park
09:34:39 09:42:50 Hortobagy National Park
09:42:50 09:47:46 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
09:47:46 09:49:29 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
09:49:29 09:54:55 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
09:54:55 09:59:21 The Hortobagy
09:59:21 10:01:51 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
10:01:51 10:05:28 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
10:05:28 10:05:37 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
10:05:37 10:09:04 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
10:09:04 10:09:29 Hortobágy National Park
10:09:29 10:09:52 Hortobagy
10:09:52 10:10:23 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
10:10:23 10:11:31 Horses of Hortobagy
10:11:31 10:12:50 Hortobagy
10:12:50 10:14:27 The Hungarian Puszta
10:14:27 10:15:52 Hortobagy
10:15:52 10:16:38 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
10:16:38 10:21:18 Hortobagy National Park
10:21:18 10:27:35 Hortobagy National Park
10:27:35 10:40:37 Hortobagy National Park
10:40:37 10:52:06 Hortobagy National Park
10:52:06 11:06:40 Hortobagy National Park
11:06:40 11:15:30 Hortobagy National Park
11:15:30 11:29:31 Hortobagy
11:29:31 11:44:08 Hortobagy National Park
11:44:08 11:56:04 Hortobagy National Park
11:56:04 12:04:15 Hortobagy National Park
12:04:15 12:09:11 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
12:09:11 12:10:54 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
12:10:54 12:16:20 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
12:16:20 12:20:46 The Hortobagy
12:20:46 12:23:16 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
12:23:16 12:26:53 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
12:26:53 12:27:02 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
12:27:02 12:30:29 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
12:30:29 12:30:54 Hortobágy National Park
12:30:54 12:31:17 Hortobagy
12:31:17 12:31:48 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
12:31:48 12:32:56 Horses of Hortobagy
12:32:56 12:34:15 Hortobagy
12:34:15 12:35:52 The Hungarian Puszta
12:35:52 12:37:17 Hortobagy
12:37:17 12:38:03 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
12:38:03 12:42:43 Hortobagy National Park
12:42:43 12:49:00 Hortobagy National Park
12:49:00 13:02:02 Hortobagy National Park
13:02:02 13:13:31 Hortobagy National Park
13:13:31 13:28:05 Hortobagy National Park
13:28:05 13:36:55 Hortobagy National Park
13:36:55 13:50:56 Hortobagy
13:50:56 14:05:33 Hortobagy National Park
14:05:33 14:17:29 Hortobagy National Park
14:17:29 14:25:40 Hortobagy National Park
14:25:40 14:30:36 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
14:30:36 14:32:19 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
14:32:19 14:37:45 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
14:37:45 14:42:11 The Hortobagy
14:42:11 14:44:41 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
14:44:41 14:48:18 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
14:48:18 14:48:27 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
14:48:27 14:51:54 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
14:51:54 14:52:19 Hortobágy National Park
14:52:19 14:52:42 Hortobagy
14:52:42 14:53:13 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
14:53:13 14:54:21 Horses of Hortobagy
14:54:21 14:55:40 Hortobagy
14:55:40 14:57:17 The Hungarian Puszta
14:57:17 14:58:42 Hortobagy
14:58:42 14:59:28 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
14:59:28 15:04:08 Hortobagy National Park
15:04:08 15:10:25 Hortobagy National Park
15:10:25 15:23:27 Hortobagy National Park
15:23:27 15:34:56 Hortobagy National Park
15:34:56 15:49:30 Hortobagy National Park
15:49:30 15:58:20 Hortobagy National Park
15:58:20 16:12:21 Hortobagy
16:12:21 16:26:58 Hortobagy National Park
16:26:58 16:38:54 Hortobagy National Park
16:38:54 16:47:05 Hortobagy National Park
16:47:05 16:52:01 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
16:52:01 16:53:44 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
16:53:44 16:59:10 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
16:59:10 17:03:36 The Hortobagy
17:03:36 17:06:06 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
17:06:06 17:09:43 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
17:09:43 17:09:52 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
17:09:52 17:13:19 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
17:13:19 17:13:44 Hortobágy National Park
17:13:44 17:14:07 Hortobagy
17:14:07 17:14:38 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
17:14:38 17:15:46 Horses of Hortobagy
17:15:46 17:17:05 Hortobagy
17:17:05 17:18:42 The Hungarian Puszta
17:18:42 17:20:07 Hortobagy
17:20:07 17:20:53 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
17:20:53 17:25:33 Hortobagy National Park
17:25:33 17:31:50 Hortobagy National Park
17:31:50 17:44:52 Hortobagy National Park
17:44:52 17:56:21 Hortobagy National Park
17:56:21 18:10:55 Hortobagy National Park
18:10:55 18:19:45 Hortobagy National Park
18:19:45 18:33:46 Hortobagy
18:33:46 18:48:23 Hortobagy National Park
18:48:23 19:00:19 Hortobagy National Park
19:00:19 19:08:30 Hortobagy National Park
19:08:30 19:13:26 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
19:13:26 19:15:09 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
19:15:09 19:20:35 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
19:20:35 19:25:01 The Hortobagy
19:25:01 19:27:31 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
19:27:31 19:31:08 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
19:31:08 19:31:17 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
19:31:17 19:34:44 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
19:34:44 19:35:09 Hortobágy National Park
19:35:09 19:35:32 Hortobagy
19:35:32 19:36:03 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
19:36:03 19:37:11 Horses of Hortobagy
19:37:11 19:38:30 Hortobagy
19:38:30 19:40:07 The Hungarian Puszta
19:40:07 19:41:32 Hortobagy
19:41:32 19:42:18 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
19:42:18 19:46:58 Hortobagy National Park
19:46:58 19:53:15 Hortobagy National Park
19:53:15 20:06:17 Hortobagy National Park
20:06:17 20:17:46 Hortobagy National Park
20:17:46 20:32:20 Hortobagy National Park
20:32:20 20:41:10 Hortobagy National Park
20:41:10 20:55:11 Hortobagy
20:55:11 21:09:48 Hortobagy National Park
21:09:48 21:21:44 Hortobagy National Park
21:21:44 21:29:55 Hortobagy National Park
21:29:55 21:34:51 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
21:34:51 21:36:34 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
21:36:34 21:42:00 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
21:42:00 21:46:26 The Hortobagy
21:46:26 21:48:56 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
21:48:56 21:52:33 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
21:52:33 21:52:42 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
21:52:42 21:56:09 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
21:56:09 21:56:34 Hortobágy National Park
21:56:34 21:56:57 Hortobagy
21:56:57 21:57:28 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
21:57:28 21:58:36 Horses of Hortobagy
21:58:36 21:59:55 Hortobagy
21:59:55 22:01:32 The Hungarian Puszta
22:01:32 22:02:57 Hortobagy
22:02:57 22:03:43 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
22:03:43 22:08:23 Hortobagy National Park
22:08:23 22:14:40 Hortobagy National Park
22:14:40 22:27:42 Hortobagy National Park
22:27:42 22:39:11 Hortobagy National Park
22:39:11 22:53:45 Hortobagy National Park
22:53:45 23:02:35 Hortobagy National Park
23:02:35 23:16:36 Hortobagy
23:16:36 23:31:13 Hortobagy National Park
23:31:13 23:43:09 Hortobagy National Park
23:43:09 23:51:20 Hortobagy National Park
23:51:20 23:56:16 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
23:56:16 23:57:59 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
23:57:59 00:03:25 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
00:03:25 00:07:51 The Hortobagy
00:07:51 00:10:21 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
00:10:21 00:13:58 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
00:13:58 00:14:07 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
00:14:07 00:17:34 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
00:17:34 00:17:59 Hortobágy National Park
00:17:59 00:18:22 Hortobagy
00:18:22 00:18:53 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
00:18:53 00:20:01 Horses of Hortobagy
00:20:01 00:21:20 Hortobagy
00:21:20 00:22:57 The Hungarian Puszta
00:22:57 00:24:22 Hortobagy
00:24:22 00:25:08 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
00:25:08 00:29:48 Hortobagy National Park
00:29:48 00:36:05 Hortobagy National Park
00:36:05 00:49:07 Hortobagy National Park
00:49:07 01:00:36 Hortobagy National Park
01:00:36 01:15:10 Hortobagy National Park
01:15:10 01:24:00 Hortobagy National Park
01:24:00 01:38:01 Hortobagy
01:38:01 01:52:38 Hortobagy National Park
01:52:38 02:04:34 Hortobagy National Park
02:04:34 02:12:45 Hortobagy National Park
02:12:45 02:17:41 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
02:17:41 02:19:24 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
02:19:24 02:24:50 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
02:24:50 02:29:16 The Hortobagy
02:29:16 02:31:46 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
02:31:46 02:35:23 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
02:35:23 02:35:32 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
02:35:32 02:38:59 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
02:38:59 02:39:24 Hortobágy National Park
02:39:24 02:39:47 Hortobagy
02:39:47 02:40:18 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
02:40:18 02:41:26 Horses of Hortobagy
02:41:26 02:42:45 Hortobagy
02:42:45 02:44:22 The Hungarian Puszta
02:44:22 02:45:47 Hortobagy
02:45:47 02:46:33 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
02:46:33 02:51:13 Hortobagy National Park
02:51:13 02:57:30 Hortobagy National Park
02:57:30 03:10:32 Hortobagy National Park
03:10:32 03:22:01 Hortobagy National Park
03:22:01 03:36:35 Hortobagy National Park
03:36:35 03:45:25 Hortobagy National Park
03:45:25 03:59:26 Hortobagy
03:59:26 04:14:03 Hortobagy National Park
04:14:03 04:25:59 Hortobagy National Park
04:25:59 04:34:10 Hortobagy National Park
04:34:10 04:39:06 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
04:39:06 04:40:49 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
04:40:49 04:46:15 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
04:46:15 04:50:41 The Hortobagy
04:50:41 04:53:11 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
04:53:11 04:56:48 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
04:56:48 04:56:57 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
04:56:57 05:00:24 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy