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History of sailing

Sailing is the propulsion of a vehicle and the control of its movement with large (usually fabric) foils called sails. By changing the rigging, rudder, and sometimes the keel or centreboard, a sailor manages the force of the wind on the sails in order to move the vessel relative to its surrounding medium (typically water, but also land and ice) and change its direction and speed. Mastery of the skill requires experience in varying wind and sea conditions, as well as knowledge concerning sailboats themselves and an understanding of one's surroundings.
While there are still some places in the world where sail-powered passenger, fishing and trading vessels are used, these craft have become rarer as internal combustion engines have become economically viable in even the poorest and most remote areas. In most countries sailing is enjoyed as a recreational activity or as a sport. Recreational sailing or yachting can be divided into racing and cruising. Cruising can include extended offshore and ocean-crossing trips, coastal sailing within sight of land, and daysailing.
Throughout history sailing has been instrumental in the development of civilization, affording humanity greater mobility than travel over land, whether for trade, transport or warfare, and the capacity for fishing. The earliest representation of a ship under sail appears on a painted disc found in Kuwait dating between 5000 and 5500 BC.[1] Advances in sailing technology from the Middle Ages onward enabled Arab, Chinese, Indian and European explorers to make longer voyages into regions with extreme weather and climatic conditions. There were improvements in sails, masts and rigging; navigation equipment improved. From the 15th century onwards, European ships went further north, stayed longer on the Grand Banks and in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and eventually began to explore the Pacific Northwest and the Western Arctic.[2] Sailing has contributed to many great explorations in the world.

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Forrás: Youtube
Idő Cím
06:00:00 06:10:50 Polynesian seafaring - history and Hawaiian re-creation
06:10:50 06:18:26 Sailing Through History with Leisure Boats
06:18:26 07:19:50 Britain's global trade in the Great Days of Sail - John McAleer
07:19:50 07:29:22 The Physics of Sailing - KQED QUEST
07:29:22 08:45:10 Sailing History
08:45:10 08:46:37 History Sails to Florida for 500th Anniversary
08:46:37 08:47:58 Extreme Sailing - How Earth Made Us - Series 1 Episode 3 Preview - BBC Two
08:47:58 08:53:15 Sailing Back in San Diego History on the San Salvador
08:53:15 08:54:32 all in, all 2012 - Team GB: Sailing into History
08:54:32 08:59:27 U.S.S. Constitution - History Sailing Video Bennett Marine
08:59:27 09:04:19 Summer Sailing California History
09:04:19 09:15:09 Polynesian seafaring - history and Hawaiian re-creation
09:15:09 09:22:45 Sailing Through History with Leisure Boats
09:22:45 10:24:09 Britain's global trade in the Great Days of Sail - John McAleer
10:24:09 10:33:41 The Physics of Sailing - KQED QUEST
10:33:41 11:49:29 Sailing History
11:49:29 11:50:56 History Sails to Florida for 500th Anniversary
11:50:56 11:52:17 Extreme Sailing - How Earth Made Us - Series 1 Episode 3 Preview - BBC Two
11:52:17 11:57:34 Sailing Back in San Diego History on the San Salvador
11:57:34 11:58:51 all in, all 2012 - Team GB: Sailing into History
11:58:51 12:03:46 U.S.S. Constitution - History Sailing Video Bennett Marine
12:03:46 12:08:38 Summer Sailing California History
12:08:38 12:19:28 Polynesian seafaring - history and Hawaiian re-creation
12:19:28 12:27:04 Sailing Through History with Leisure Boats
12:27:04 13:28:28 Britain's global trade in the Great Days of Sail - John McAleer
13:28:28 13:38:00 The Physics of Sailing - KQED QUEST
13:38:00 14:53:48 Sailing History
14:53:48 14:55:15 History Sails to Florida for 500th Anniversary
14:55:15 14:56:36 Extreme Sailing - How Earth Made Us - Series 1 Episode 3 Preview - BBC Two
14:56:36 15:01:53 Sailing Back in San Diego History on the San Salvador
15:01:53 15:03:10 all in, all 2012 - Team GB: Sailing into History
15:03:10 15:08:05 U.S.S. Constitution - History Sailing Video Bennett Marine
15:08:05 15:12:57 Summer Sailing California History
15:12:57 15:23:47 Polynesian seafaring - history and Hawaiian re-creation
15:23:47 15:31:23 Sailing Through History with Leisure Boats
15:31:23 16:32:47 Britain's global trade in the Great Days of Sail - John McAleer
16:32:47 16:42:19 The Physics of Sailing - KQED QUEST
16:42:19 17:58:07 Sailing History
17:58:07 17:59:34 History Sails to Florida for 500th Anniversary
17:59:34 18:00:55 Extreme Sailing - How Earth Made Us - Series 1 Episode 3 Preview - BBC Two
18:00:55 18:06:12 Sailing Back in San Diego History on the San Salvador
18:06:12 18:07:29 all in, all 2012 - Team GB: Sailing into History
18:07:29 18:12:24 U.S.S. Constitution - History Sailing Video Bennett Marine
18:12:24 18:17:16 Summer Sailing California History
18:17:16 18:28:06 Polynesian seafaring - history and Hawaiian re-creation
18:28:06 18:35:42 Sailing Through History with Leisure Boats
18:35:42 19:37:06 Britain's global trade in the Great Days of Sail - John McAleer
19:37:06 19:46:38 The Physics of Sailing - KQED QUEST
19:46:38 21:02:26 Sailing History
21:02:26 21:03:53 History Sails to Florida for 500th Anniversary
21:03:53 21:05:14 Extreme Sailing - How Earth Made Us - Series 1 Episode 3 Preview - BBC Two
21:05:14 21:10:31 Sailing Back in San Diego History on the San Salvador
21:10:31 21:11:48 all in, all 2012 - Team GB: Sailing into History
21:11:48 21:16:43 U.S.S. Constitution - History Sailing Video Bennett Marine
21:16:43 21:21:35 Summer Sailing California History
21:21:35 21:32:25 Polynesian seafaring - history and Hawaiian re-creation
21:32:25 21:40:01 Sailing Through History with Leisure Boats
21:40:01 22:41:25 Britain's global trade in the Great Days of Sail - John McAleer
22:41:25 22:50:57 The Physics of Sailing - KQED QUEST
22:50:57 00:06:45 Sailing History
00:06:45 00:08:12 History Sails to Florida for 500th Anniversary
00:08:12 00:09:33 Extreme Sailing - How Earth Made Us - Series 1 Episode 3 Preview - BBC Two
00:09:33 00:14:50 Sailing Back in San Diego History on the San Salvador
00:14:50 00:16:07 all in, all 2012 - Team GB: Sailing into History
00:16:07 00:21:02 U.S.S. Constitution - History Sailing Video Bennett Marine
00:21:02 00:25:54 Summer Sailing California History
00:25:54 00:36:44 Polynesian seafaring - history and Hawaiian re-creation
00:36:44 00:44:20 Sailing Through History with Leisure Boats
00:44:20 01:45:44 Britain's global trade in the Great Days of Sail - John McAleer
01:45:44 01:55:16 The Physics of Sailing - KQED QUEST
01:55:16 03:11:04 Sailing History
03:11:04 03:12:31 History Sails to Florida for 500th Anniversary
03:12:31 03:13:52 Extreme Sailing - How Earth Made Us - Series 1 Episode 3 Preview - BBC Two
03:13:52 03:19:09 Sailing Back in San Diego History on the San Salvador
03:19:09 03:20:26 all in, all 2012 - Team GB: Sailing into History
03:20:26 03:25:21 U.S.S. Constitution - History Sailing Video Bennett Marine
03:25:21 03:30:13 Summer Sailing California History
03:30:13 03:41:03 Polynesian seafaring - history and Hawaiian re-creation
03:41:03 03:48:39 Sailing Through History with Leisure Boats
03:48:39 04:50:03 Britain's global trade in the Great Days of Sail - John McAleer
04:50:03 04:59:35 The Physics of Sailing - KQED QUEST
04:59:35 06:15:23 Sailing History